2 Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. Even words good in themselves must be introduced seasonably lest by our fault they prove injurious instead of useful. 23. be renewed--The Greek (ananeousthai) implies "the continued renewal in the youth of the new man." For--with a view to; the ultimate aim. 1. Simply take a look at Ephesians 4:1-7, and see if you can spot all seven of the above described “indicatives.” This passage (4:1-7), is in fact Paul’s recap or transitional summary of the principles (indicatives) of chapters 1-3, and he will use this in moving on to the imperatives that follow. According to the effectual working of grace in each member (or else, rather, "according to each several member's working"), proportioned to the measure of its need of supply. God gave them up to it, but not against their will; for they give themselves up to it [ZANCHIUS]. What is Paul teaching here? The sense is not, Your anger shall not be imputed to you if you put it away before nightfall; but "let no wrath (that is, as the Greek, personal 'irritation' or 'exasperation') mingle with your 'anger,' even though, the latter be righteous, [TRENCH, Greek Synonyms of the New Testament]. 2 Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. . blindness--Greek, "hardness," literally, the hardening of the skin so as not to be sensible of touch. It is the Father "BY" whom believers, as well as the Son Himself, were sealed ( John 6:27 ). Elaine Maxine Howell on Ephesians 4 It s difficult to minister to others, when you are not spiritually feeding nor standing firmly on the foundation of God s Word. with his hands--in contrast with his former thievish use of his hands. 1:19-23). "Christ, as God, is present everywhere; as glorified man, He can be present anywhere" [ELLICOTT]. "Righteousness" is in relation to our fellow men, the second table of the law; "Holiness," in relation to God, the first table; the religious observance of offices of piety (compare Luke 1:75 ). henceforth . Our Price: $26.99. Paul quotes it of CHRIST ascending to heaven, who is therefore GOD. Translate, "To the end that"; the aim of the bestowal of gifts stated negatively, as in Ephesians 4:13 it is stated positively. # 4:9 Or the depths of the earth. 32. Exactly how is he building imperatives upon the principles presented in chapters 1-3? 3 Try your best to let God's Spirit keep your hearts united. Compare Ephesians 4:32 with Ephesians 1:7 ; Ephesians 5:1 with Ephesians 1:5 ; Ephesians 4:30 , with Ephesians 1:13 ; Ephesians 5:15 , with Ephesians 1:8 . by that which every joint supplieth--Greek, "by means of every joint of the supply"; joined with "maketh increase of the body," not with "compacted." They miss the main theme of Ephesians as well as the prayers and intentions of Jesus. A motive to unity ( Ephesians 4:3 ). Passion is sinful (derived from "passio," suffering: implying that amidst seeming energy, a man is really passive, the slave of his anger, instead of ruling it). On what incoherent theory, then, would we possibly call ourselves Christians and also imagine that we are independently called to do “our own thing” while naming Christ and saying we are part of His body? God for Christ's sake--rather as Greek, "God in Christ" ( 2 Corinthians 5:19 ). We might call such statements and attitudes “pathetic.” Paul certainly would have. "Himself" by His supreme power. 2:11-22) that God has broken the dividing wall of hostility between and among those who are in Christ and who have been saved by grace through faith in Him and in the Gospel. Filthy and unclean words and discourse are poisonous and infectious, as putrid rotten meat: they proceed from and prove a great deal of corruption in the heart of the speaker, and tend to corrupt the minds and manners of others who hear them; and therefore Christians should beware of all such … Greek, emphatical. Our music on Sunday morning is not to my liking; I think I’ll shop around a bit – there must be a better drummer somewhere; besides, I need more variety; 5. There is more real unity where both go to heaven under different names than when with the same name one goes to heaven, the other to hell. As "lowliness and meekness" answer to "forbearing one another in love" (compare "love," Ephesians 4:15 Ephesians 4:16 ), so "long-suffering" answers to ( Ephesians 4:4 ) "endeavoring (Greek, 'earnestly' or 'zealously giving diligence') to keep (maintain) the unity of the Spirit (the unity between men of different tempers, which flows from the presence of the Spirit, who is Himself 'one,' Ephesians 4:4 ) in (united in) the bond of peace" (the "bond" by which "peace" is maintained, namely, "love," Colossians 3:14 Colossians 3:15 [BENGEL]; or, "peace" itself is the "bond" meant, uniting the members of the Church [ALFORD]). Union to one another in Christ, not merely the external command, instinctively leads Christians to fulfil mutual duties. 2 Do not think that you are better than other people. According to Paul, these good works begin with our living and walking in unity and in community as believers united in grace and in adopted brotherhood. Beginning with chapter 4, we find ourselves in the “imperatives” section of Paul’s letter to the Ephesians. 14. But we can rightly say also that we are made to be HIS family, that is, we are brothers and sisters and His children by adoption. 15. speaking the truth--Translate, "holding the truth"; "following the truth"; opposed to "error" or "deceit" ( Ephesians 4:14 ). anger--lasting resentment: opposed to "forgiving one another." This chapter is a part of Paul's exhortation, with the particular section about the … There is no article in the Greek. Let not your "anger" at another's wickedness verge into hatred, or contempt, or revenge [VATABLUS]. lying--"falsehood": the abstract. Moreover, His design "that He might fill all things" ( Ephesians 4:10 , Greek, "the whole uerse of things") may imply the same. 4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. The natural, or animal man, is described as "not having the Spirit" ( Jude 1:19 ) [ALFORD]. The term, "shepherd" or "pastor," is used of guiding and governing and not merely instructing, whence it is applied to kings, rather than prophets or priests ( Ezekiel 34:23 , Jeremiah 23:4 ). "By every ministering (supplying) joint." Ephesians 4-6: Self-Assessment, Confession, and the Gospel ». In other words, we are to live in unity and in community because God chose us to be sons and daughters by adoption! In the antitypical meaning, the foes of Christ the Son of David, the devil, death, the curse, and sin ( Colossians 2:15 , 2 Peter 2:4 ), led as it were in triumphal procession as a sign of the destruction of the foe. 4 There is one a body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one a faith, one b baptism, 6 One God and a Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. We are chosen for unity – Second, Paul builds upon the fact that God “…chose us …Before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. Unity in the Godhead – First, in the opening section of Paul’s letter to the Ephesians and through the first three chapters (e.g., 1:1-3, 13, 2:13, 22), Paul writes of the Father, The Son and the Holy Spirit, which are three distinct persons, perfectly unified and unitary within the single Godhead. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. The prophet derived all from the Spirit; the evangelist, in the special case of the Four, recorded matter of fact, cognizable to the senses, under the Spirit's guidance. As "faith" is mentioned, Ephesians 4:5 , so "hope" here, and "love," Ephesians 4:2 . sleight--literally, "dice playing." Such are meant by those called "thieves" in the New Testament. Vincent's Word Studies. maketh increase--Translate, as the Greek is the same as Ephesians 4:15 , "maketh (carrieth on) the growth of the body.". United in Christ the King – Fourth, Paul bases his call to Christian unity and community upon the absolute headship of Christ over all who are in Christ, because God, “…according to the working of his great might that he worked in Christ when he raised him from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come …put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all” (Eph. Whether the pronoun be read or not, it must be understood (either from the "ye," Ephesians 4:4 , or from the "us," Ephesians 4:7 ); for other parts of Scripture prove that the Spirit is not "in all" men, but only in believers ( Romans 8:9 Romans 8:14 ). Truth in word and act, love in manner and spirit, are the Christian's rule (compare Ephesians 4:21 Ephesians 4:24 ). . 25. 17. therefore--resuming the exhortation which he had begun with, "I therefore beseech you that ye walk worthy," &c. ( Ephesians 4:1 ). The evangelist founded the Church; the teacher built it up in the faith already received. cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive--Translate as Greek, "craftiness tending to the methodized system of deceit" ("the schemes of error") [ALFORD]. ALFORD expresses the Greek order, "Until we arrive all of us at the unity," &c. faith and . The exhortations of this part of the Epistle are built on the conscious enjoyment of the privileges mentioned in the former part. 1:4-5). the thing which is good--in contrast with theft, the thing which was evil in his past character. There is one God in three persons – this is the Trinity. It cost God the death of His Son, as man, to forgive us. 4. Chapter 4. the head--( Ephesians 1:22 ). "Vanity of mind" is the waste of the rational powers on worthless objects, of which idolatry is one of the more glaring instances. To know Christ Himself, is the great lesson of the Christian life: this the Ephesians began to learn at their conversion. Ephesians 4:1–10 is Paul's compelling description of Christian unity. | Ephesians 4-6: Self-Assessment, Confession, and the Gospel ». Ephesians 5. 16. Compare the names of princes compounded of "pharnas," Hebrew, "pastor," Holophernes, Tis-saphernes (compare Isaiah 44:28 ). If I get tired of this church, I can easily try another; it is so good to have so many choices! 3 Work hard to live together as one by the help of the Holy Spirit. No one form of Church polity as permanently unalterable is laid down in the New Testament though the apostolical order of bishops, or presbyters, and deacons, superintended by higher overseers (called bishops after the apostolic times), has the highest sanction of primitive usage. I disagree with the pastor on some things – so it’s time to find a new pastor; 9. Being a “church family” is a reflection of that greater truth; it is not merely a statement that we have joined some local organization with a cross on the wall. What do you think? The leading captive of satanic powers here, is not said to be at His descent, but at His ascension; so that no argument can be drawn from it for a descent to the abodes of Satan. Put on not merely a renovated nature, but a new, that is, altogether different nature, a changed nature (compare Note,, after God, &c.--Translate, "Which hath been created (once for all: so the Greek aorist means: in Christ, Ephesians 2:10 ; so that in each believer it has not to be created again, but to be put on) after (the image of) God" ( Genesis 1:27 , Colossians 3:10 , 1 Peter 1:15 ), &c. God's image in which the first Adam was originally created, is restored, to us far more gloriously in the second Adam, the image of the invisible God ( 2 Corinthians 4:4 , Colossians 1:15 , Hebrews 1:3 ). 7 But to each one of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it. communication--language. The keeping of anger through the darkness of night, is giving place to the devil, the prince of darkness ( Ephesians 6:12 ). II. The true "body" of Christ (all believers of every age) is already "one," as joined to the one Head. 2:18), and we are now “…members of the household of God, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone, in whom the whole structure, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord. alienated--This and "darkened," imply that before the fall they (in the person of their first father) had been partakers of life and light: and that they had revolted from the primitive revelation (compare Ephesians 2:12 ). God has called you to come to him. But leading "captive" of the "captive hand" ("captivity") of satanic powers, may imply that the warfare reached to their habitation itself ( Psalms 63:9 ). When he ascended--GOD is meant in the Psalm, represented by the ark, which was being brought up to Zion in triumph by David, after that "the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies" (2 Samuel 6:1-7:1'1 Chronicles 15:1-29'). in love--"Truth" is never to be sacrificed to so-called "charity"; yet it is to be maintained in charity. of men--contrasted with Christ ( Ephesians 4:13 ). And they miss the nature of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. I really want you to live as God's own people should live. God Himself has seen fit to make of us (collectively, together, not individually) a temple of the Holy Spirit! - Ephesians 4:32. even as--God hath shown Himself "kind, tender-hearted, and forgiving to you"; it is but just that you in turn shall be so to your fellow men, who have not erred against you in the degree that you have erred against God ( Matthew 18:33 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Each Christian, therefore, is part of a single, universal family of believers in Jesus Christ. in the spirit of your mind--As there is no Greek for "in," which there is at Ephesians 4:17 , "in the vanity of their mind," it is better to translate, "By the Spirit of your mind," that is, by your new spiritual nature; the restored and divinely informed leading principle of the mind. wrath--passion for a time: opposed to "tender-hearted." 1 As a prisoner for the Lord, then, I urge you to live a life worthy of the calling you have received. Deceit is personified; lusts are its servants and tools. This letter, along with Paul’s letter to the Colossians was delivered by Paul’s faithful fellow-servant, Tychicus. "The first beginnings of unchastity" [GROTIUS]. "Truth" is therefore used in the most comprehensive sense, truth in its essence, and highest perfection, in Jesus; "if according as it is thus in Him, ye have been so taught in Him"; in contrast to "the vanity of mind of the Gentiles" ( Ephesians 4:17 ; compare John 1:14 John 1:17 , 18:37 ). Ephesians 4:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 4:20, NIV: "That, however, is not the way of life you learned" Ephesians 4:20, ESV: "But that is not the way you learned Christ!—" Ephesians 4:20, KJV: "But ye have not so learned Christ;" Ephesians 4:20, NASB: "But you did not learn Christ in this way," Ephesians 4:20, NLT: "But that isn't what you learned about Christ." Greek, "Let him that stealeth." Ephesians 4:26-27 sin anger evil Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen. By the way, we say sometimes we are part of the “church family” or the “family of believers.” That is true. In 1 Corinthians 10:17 , where a breach of union was in question, it forms the rallying point [ALFORD]. We are also reminded of the prayer of Jesus before His crucifixion, in which He said to His Father: “The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.…make then one as you and I are one” (John 17:22-23). 1 I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beg you to walk worthily of the calling with which you were called, 2 with all lowliness and humility, with patience, bearing with one another in love; 3 being eager to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. Traditionally, it is believed to have been written by Apostle Paul while he was in prison in Rome, but more recently, it has been suggested that it was written between AD 80 and 100 by another writer using Paul's name and style. stature, &c.--The standard of spiritual "stature" is "the fulness of Christ," that is, which Christ has ( Ephesians 1:23 , 3:19 ; compare Galatians 4:19 ); that the body should be worthy of the Head, the perfect Christ. "Spiritual life in believers is kindled from the life itself of God" [BENGEL]. 20. learned Christ--( Philippians 3:10 ). The root of it is departure from the knowledge of the true God ( Ephesians 4:18 Ephesians 4:19 , Romans 1:21 , 1 Thessalonians 4:5 ). One member could not injure or deceive another, without injuring himself, as all have a mutual and common interest. as the truth is in Jesus--Translate in connection with "taught"; "And in Him have been taught, according as is truth in Jesus." In him you also are being built together into a dwelling place for God the Spirit” (2:19-22). These include doctrines of the Trinity, of election, of reconciliation, and of the authority and headship of Christ; also the doctrines of salvation by grace through faith, sanctification, unification, and the Church. God has, once for all, forgiven sin in Christ, as a past historical fact. If it was Him that ye heard. That is what our being chosen and our predestination as sons and daughters is all about! Spirituality, uersality, and unity, were designed to characterize the Church; and it shall be so at last ( Isaiah 2:2-4 , Isaiah 11:9 Isaiah 11:13 , Zephaniah 3:9 , Zechariah 14:9 ). Ephesians 4. Compare James 1:6 . gave gifts unto men--in the Psalm, "received gifts for men," Hebrew, "among men," that is, "thou hast received gifts" to distribute among men. He has chosen you to be his own people. 4 There is one body and one Spirit. "Unto." It is in Christ that God vouchsafes forgiveness to us. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.”. In the apostle's creed, the article as to THE CHURCH properly follows that as to THE HOLY GHOST. Do this by living at … As to revelation, the "evangelist" testified infallibly of the past; the "prophet," infallibly of the future. Right after talking about renewing our minds and walking in our new God-given selves, in righteousness and holiness, Paul goes on to say: "Therefore, having put away falsehood, let each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members one of another. Thus the Trinity is again set forth. By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another" (John 13:34-35). 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