Created: May 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: May 07, 2020, 12:51 IST. The factory manufacures general-purpose polystyrene and high-impact polystyrene, expandable polystyrene, and engineering plastics compounds. Pag e 5 of 9 MSDS -STYRENE below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Politics   |   Vizag gas lead: What is styrene? Animal studies have reported effects on the entral nervous system, liver, kidney, and eye and nasal irritation from inhalation exposure to styrene. It was merged with McDowell & Co of the UB Group in 1978, then taken over in 1997 by South Korea-based LG Chem, which renamed it LG Polymers. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. A chemical gas leak at a chemical factory in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday killed at least 11 people.More than 1,000 people fell sick after inhaling the poisonous Styrene gas leaked from the plant. As per the United States Environmental Protection Agency, tests involving acute exposure of rats and mice have shown styrene to have low to moderate toxicity by inhalation and oral exposure. It is a flammable liquid that is used in the manufacturing of polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex. (Text/Inputs: Reuters) However, studies on animals say that animals may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and liver effects. Liver, blood, kidney, and stomach effects have been observed in animals following chronic oral exposure. Eight people, including a child, have died and several people have fallen ill after styrene gas leaked in the wee hours of Thursday from LG Polymers, a chemical plant facility located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. It is widely used in the fiberglass boat industry. Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. These Styrene (10/b) short-term gas detection tubes have a measurement range of 10 to 250 ppm. 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This important material is primarily used in the production of polystyrene, a widely known thermoplastic polymer characterised by its high formability. It is stored in factories as a liquid, but evaporates easily, and has to be kept at temperatures under 20°C. Dr. D Raghunatha Rao, Former Director of Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, on Styrene gas leak and its effect on human beings, explained, “Styrene is primarily used in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins. Watch this video to know more. Short term exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and gastrointestinal effects. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. The Indian Meteorological Department has predicted that a few districts in AP are going to witness light to moderate rain in the next 24 hours. The gas leaked from this tank when officials were preparing to reopen the factory that was shut for 44 days due to the lockdown. Within a few hours, the gas had killed 11 people and injured hundreds of others. According to Tox Town, a website run by the US National Library of Medicine, styrene is also found in vehicle exhaust, cigarette smoke, and in natural foods like fruits and vegetables. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. It is located at RRV Puram in Gopalapatnam, 15 km from Visakhapatnam city. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. Earlier, Gujarat Chief Minister's Secretary Ashwani Kumar had informed that on CM Jagan Mohan Reddy's administration request for the PTBC chemical, the order had been placed with a company in Vapi and the consignment would be brought to Daman from where it would be airlifted. From the rest, about 20% is used for elastomers, thermosetting resins, and polymer dispersions, about 15% is used in acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) copolymers, 10% is used in expanded polystyrene (EPS), and the remainder is used t… As explained, styrene has to be stored in gas tanks under 20°C to keep it stable. Styrene, a clear colorless liquid, is a derivative of benzene used extensively in the development of a range of polymers and copolymers important in the manufacture of plastic, rubber, insulation, fiberglass, carpet backings, and related products. At LG Chem, an inhibitor tank is attached to the styrene storage tank but it failed to stabilise it in time. 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